In the months leading up to November 11, 2014 thousands of volunteers  ‘planted’ a poppy to represent the life of a soldier from the British Forces that was lost during WWI. The last poppy, of the total 888,246, was planted on Armistice Day in 2014. And by November 12, 2014 it was estimated that 4 million people will have visited the Tower of London to see this beautiful commemoration unfold.


Tom Piper, the stage designer who helped put this installation together, said he wanted it to have a “fluid and organic feel to it, you could see it as blood, water or life force“, and we think he  achieved that as the moat was slowly filled to capacity with the ceramic poppies. Even in August of 2014, when we last saw it, you really got the feeling that the ‘blood’ was slowly filling up the moat as it poured out of the Tower itself.

As we watched the moat fill up, both online and in person, and have thought about the numbers of lives that it represents it had me thinking about the rest of the lives affected by World War I. What do those numbers look like?

The numbers vary some from source to source as historians debate these statistics but no matter which source we look at the numbers are still staggering…

  • 65 million men in all fought in World War I, from 40 countries and dozens of colonies.
  • 8 million soldiers died- that was 6,000 deaths for every day of the war.
  • 6.6 million civilians died during the war.

And in addition to all those that had died, another 21.2 million were wounded. This was the first war in history that battle wounds accounted for more deaths than disease. *

The poppies at the Tower of London, although so numerous that they filled the entire moat, are only a fraction of those that lost their lives during this, the ‘war to end all wars‘.

Many people expressed their desire that the poppies remain at the Tower of London longer in order to extend the installation so more people could come and view it. Personally I don’t think it should have been extended, and was glad that it wasn’t. The artist, Paul Cummins, has said, “the idea was it will only be there for a finite time like we are“, and I agree with him. By extending the installation it would have lose a key part of its impact- its transience. The poppies represented the lives of 888,246 soldiers whose families would have wanted more time with their loved one, just like the public wanted more time with the poppies, but those families weren’t given that opportunity. I think that part of their story will be diminished if the poppies had remained longer.  They were a beautiful and poignant reminder to all that have seen them about how much was lost, but it was time for them to be distributed to the thousands of people who had purchased them to support six charities in the UK.

Read More: A Thousand Years of History at the Tower of London


What are your thoughts? Do you think the installation should have been extended? Did you have the opportunity to visit it?

* Source: World War I by the Numbers