The Canadian War Museum is Canada’s national museum of military history and is one museum I’d highly recommend to everyone that visits Ottawa. Laid out in chronological order it features galleries starting with exhibits and artifacts from the first recorded deaths by armed violence from several hundred years ago, to the most recent conflicts- wars on Canadian soil, wars of the 20th century, the Cold War, and then on to peacekeeping missions abroad.

The Canadian War Museum originated in 1880 but not in the building it is in today. The current building was opened in 2005 and is now situated just a couple of kilometers from the Parliament buildings. It is low-lying and then sweeps up to an 80 ft peak to symbolize regeneration. There are also small windows in its copper roof that are a message in Morse Code. I totally missed that!

We visited on New Year’s Day during their free hours (from 4:00 -8:00 pm on Thursday evenings) but this is one museum that I would say is well worth the admission fee if your schedule doesn’t allow for a visit during those times.

Menin Gate

This painting and statue were part of a temporary small exhibit just inside the main exhibition hall.


Our evening began with a visit to a temporary exhibition called “Fighting in Flanders- Gas. Mud. Memory.” that was developed in partnership with the Memorial Museum Passchendaele 1917 in Belgium. This exhibition explores how Canadians had to adapt to great challenges in Belgium during World War I- from the use of poison gas to the unrelenting mud of Passchendaele. Having visited Ypres last year on our trip to Normandy and Belgium, and with those areas of Belgium on our itinerary for this year’s trip I was very interested in visiting this exhibit to learn a little more and the exhibit did not disappoint. From smelling different types of gas (some are absolutely horrible) to getting a better sense of the mud that was, in some cases, as fatal to the soldiers as the bombs and guns as they could drown in it. I can’t imagine how they went on day after day in those conditions.

Read More: Exploring Normandy and Ypres: The Menin Gate and the Last Post Ceremony

Fighting in Flanders- Gas. Mud. Memory.

Fighting in Flanders

From there we entered the first of four galleries that house the permanent exhibitions in chronological order. I thought they were so well done and really appreciated the lay-out so I could put different conflicts in order and learn how one led to the other and then on to the next. These four galleries are:

  • Battleground: Wars of the First Peoples, the French and the British on Canadian soil (earliest times-1885)” which includes conflicts such as the First Peoples warfare, the Seven Years’ War, the American Revolution, and the War of 1812.
  • For Crown and Country: South African and First World Wars (1885-1931)” which includes those two wars mentioned- especially focusing on the trench warfare in France and Belgium from 1915 to 1918, and battles such as the Somme, Vimy, Passchendaele, and the Hundred Days.
  • Forged in Fire: Second World War (1931-1945)” which includes information about the rise of dictatorships in Germany, Italy and Japan in the 1930s and then describes Canada’s role in World War II.
  • A Violent Peace: Cold War, Peace Keeping, Recent Conflicts (1945- Present)” which covers wars in Korea, the Persian Gulf, Kosovo, and Afghanistan. There are also many artifacts from the Cold War including a piece of the Berlin Wall.

Please join me now for few photos from these galleries…

Canadian War Museum

After spending a couple of hours visiting these galleries we then made our way in to Regeneration Hall which is a narrow hall with angled soaring walls. The narrow triangular window at the end of the wall frames the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill. This hall was designed to be a “physical representation of hope for a better future.” It also features plaster casts used by the sculptor who created the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in Vimy, France which we were really interested in seeing as we knew that memorial was on our agenda for our trip in March. Several of the figures on the actual memorial in Vimy are up very high so it was nice to get a preview of them where we could walk around them and get up close.

Read More: Vimy Ridge Memorial and a Canadian War Cemetery

Regeneration Hall

To view the figures in the photo on the right as they are on the actual memorial, please click here.


From here we moved on to the LeBreton Gallery which is a huge area displaying artillery, jets, tanks, and naval weapons.


After wandering through this gallery we decided it was time to call it a night. I think in total we were there for about three hours- there is a lot to see!

One thing we didn’t see, as we didn’t realize it was there actually, was Memorial Hall. This room contains just one artifact- the headstone of Canada’s Unknown Soldier from WWI. There is only one window in the hall which is placed so that sunlight will directly illuminate the headstone on Remembrance, November 11 at exactly 11:00 am.


InformationIcon2 Generally the museum is open from 9:30 am until 5:00 or 6:00 pm (depending on the time of year). It is also open late on Thursday evenings until 8:00 pm. It is best to check the website here for exact hours during the time of year you’ll be visiting and for their current admission prices. Admission is FREE every Thursday from 4:00 – 8:00 pm, on Canada Day (July 1), and on Remembrance Day (November 11).

Phone: 819-776-7000 or 1-800-555-5621 |  Email: visit their website to complete their contact form.

LocationIcon2Located at 1 Vimy Place, Ottawa, ON K1A 0M8

On-site underground parking is offered for $2.50 per half hour up to a daily maximum of $12.50 or a flat rate of $6.00 from 5:00 pm until 6:00 am.

For more information you can visit the Canadian War Museum Website.