Founded in 1934, the Mayor of Bath’s Corps of Honorary Guides have been showing visitors around just about every day since- even during the period of the second World War. By 1960 new volunteer guides started attending formal training sessions and local experts gave lectures on many subjects about the city. By 1975 the frequency of the walks grew to twice daily and on every day of the year except Christmas day. As far as anyone can remember the walks have only been cancelled twice- in 1981 when the ground was too icy and dangerous to walk on, and in 1996 when hurricane force winds blew through the city uprooting trees. These guides are committed!
Today there are about 65 guides who volunteer their time to lead the walks and give visitors are very interesting history lesson of Bath. The walks are totally free, as in the guides will not even accept tips, but don’t let that deter you lest you think that free doesn’t equate to well done. When they say ‘some of the best things in life are free’…these walks are one of those things.
Over the years the walks have become very popular and as we waited in the courtyard of the Bath Abbey for our walk to start quite a crowd grew. Anticipating a busy day there were several guides for our walk and they broke us up into smaller groups of about 20 people and we all took off in our own directions. Our guide was Leslie, who was still in her training period and therefore accompanied by a more experienced guide to assist. You never would have known she was still training though because she was great! Our first stop was in front of the great Bath Abbey to learn a little more about the architecture.
Since the year 757 a church has stood on the site of the Bath Abbey and in 973 the first King of England, King Edgar was crowned here. Today the beautiful medieval Abbey Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, or commonly referred to as Bath Abbey, is a central landmark in the city of Bath. It’s tall Gothic spires can be seen from much of the city and it’s exterior yellowish colour is from the Bath stone with which it was built. Our guide also pointed out a couple of details like the statues of St Peter and St Paul, one of whom lost his head and shoulders, but they’ve since been restored. Another interesting detail is of the sculptures of the angels climbing to heaven on two stone ladders, although one angel is seen climbing back down representing a “descent through the vice of pride”.
Inside you’ll find seating for 1200 under the spectacular vaulted ceilings, and if you climb the 212 steps up to the top of the tower you’re rewarded with a great view of the city. Unfortunately we weren’t able to do this on our visit but that’s OK, just gives us a good reason to come back.
From here we wandered around to some of the little streets behind the Roman Baths as our guide started telling us more about how Bath came to be founded way back about 2,500 years ago when the hot springs were discovered and it became a place of worship to the Celtic god Sul.
Continuing through the cobblestone streets we made our way around to the Thermae Bath Spa, just one of many spas in Bath over the centuries. This particular spa even has a pool, fed by the hot springs, up on the roof with great views of Bath. Unfortunately they weren’t taking reservations the weekend we were there and when we walked by on our tour the line extended out the door and around the corner on the street. No worries, that’s just another reason to visit again.
Close to the baths you’ll also find the St. John’s Hospital that was founded about 1174 and is among the oldest almshouses in England. The current building isn’t quite that old, being built in 1716. It was the “hospital of the baths” and provided shelter and care for the poor who had come to experience the healing properties of the baths. I absolutely loved the courtyard. It was so serene and I can imagine it would be such a pleasant spot to stop on busy afternoon for a little rest from the crowds on the streets of Bath.
From here we started making our way a little uphill along what was once the path of one of the city walls to Queen Square. This square is surrounded by Georgian style houses and is said to be the “first element in the most important architecture sequence in Bath” which also includes the Circus and the Royal Crescent.
It was about here that we were also given more insight into one of three important men in the history of Bath that we learned a lot about on our tour- John Wood the Elder. He was the architect behind Queen Square when he set out to restore Bath to its former glory in 1725. Queen Square was named in honour of Queen Caroline, the wife of George II, and was designed to look like a palace with wings and a forecourt for people to gather together. He knew that people of the high society enjoyed parading so as he further developed the city he provided wide streets with raised sidewalks. If ever you wanted to see and be seen, Bath was just the place to do it.
The obelisk in the centre of the square was erected by the second man we learned a lot about- Beau Nash. In 1738, when it was created in honour of Frederick, Prince of Wales, it stood in a circular pool climbing 70 feet (21 m) high. Unfortunately a severe wind in 1815 shortened it. Other damages to the square came during WWII as part of the Bath Blitz when a 500 kg bomb landed on the east side of the Square and damaged most of the buildings. Although the buildings have been restored, there are still some signs of the bombings.
The Circus, formerly known as the King’s Circus, was built between 1754 and 1768 and was our next stop along our walk. Another example of Georgian architecture, it is divided into three segments of townhouses of equal lengths. Each of the segments faces an entrance so no matter where a visitor enters from they always face one of the beautiful facades.
The Circus was designed by John Wood the Elder, but he didn’t live to see his design finished as he died only three months into construction. It is here that we were told more about the life of John Wood the Younger, as he was entrusted to take over the construction in his father’s absence.
The inspiration for the Circus came from the Colosseum in Rome but was built facing inward, instead of outward like the Colosseum. Three classical styles were used for the curved facades of each floor- Greek Doric, Roman, and Corinthian. Also included in the details are alternating triglyphs and 525 pictorial emblems that include serpents, nautical symbols and representations of the arts and sciences. And all along the top the parapet is decorated with stone acorn finials.
From here we walked around to likely one of the most recognized buildings in all of Bath- the Royal Crescent. Designed by both John Wood the Elder and his son, John Wood the Younger, it is considered an outstanding example of the architecture of the period. The crescent has remained almost unchanged since it was built between 1767 and 1775 as a long, semicircular collection of 30 fine homes. Today one of the houses is a hotel, another is a museum (No 1 Royal Crescent), the rest are still private homes, and the whole building has been used as a backdrop for many films and television programs set in the Georgian time period. No doubt you’ve seen it at some point, even if you didn’t realize that was the building in the background. You can take a tour in the museum which is decorated and furnished for the time period. I’ll be taking you on a little photo tour of that in one of my upcoming posts.
By this time it was getting on time to start making our way back down into the centre of Bath to wrap up the tour. We followed our guide along the busy shopping area of the Milsom Quarter and down Milsom Place. There are oodles of great shops along this street but I was really more interested in looking up at the remnants of the signs that were painted directly on the buildings in days gone by.
I also couldn’t believe how busy the streets had become. When we walked in to town in the morning there weren’t many people out at all, but by mid-day the streets were packed! There were still some quiet little streets to be found if one wanted to wander away from the main streets so that’s what we did after the tour. For now though we headed down this busy street on our way to a little alleyway just off the main road that runs along the river.
Here we were shown the remnants of the original East Gate of the defensive city wall that was built around Bath. The first walls were built by the Romans and then the Anglo-Saxons constructed a fortification at Bath, using the existing city walls to help maintain the city as the centre of regional power. The original North and South Gates were both decorated with statues of kings but they were destroyed in 1755. Today only the East Gate remains along with a bit of the wall.
Our final stop found us back behind Bath Abbey alongside the river with a view of Pulteney Bridge . Built to resemble the Ponte Vecchio in Florence, the Pulteney Bridge was built to cross the River Avon in the 18th century. It is one of only four bridges in the world to have shops built into its original design.
This walking tour provided an awesome overview of the City of Bath, its historical buildings, and the stories of some of the people that helped shape its history and make it what it is today. I really encourage anyone who visits Bath to join one of the tours- you will definitely learn a lot more than what I was able to share today. This is really just the smallest tip of the iceberg of the fascinating tales you’ll hear from your guide.
The tours are offered Sunday to Friday at 10:30 am and 2:00 pm, Saturday at 10:30 am only, and then additionally at 7:00 pm on Tuesdays and Thursdays from May to September. They take about two hours and cover a distance of about two miles. It’s a really nice leisurely stroll through Bath. You could almost pretend you are one of the high society out “parading”.
With all this history and culture it is no wonder the entire city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Definitely not a city to miss.
Have you been? What was your favourite part of the city?
This site is listed as City of Bath on the UNESCO World Heritage list.