Another UNESCO Site! The Historic Centre of Gjirokastra

Two UNESCO sites in one trip? You betcha! And you know that made this UNESCO site lover very happy indeed.

Inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2005 as a rare example of the architecture typical of the Ottoman period, Gjirokastra was our next stop on our Albanian tour. Situated in the Drinos river valley in Southern Albania, with a stunning backdrop of snow capped mountains, Gjirokastra is known as the “city of a thousand steps” and indeed it was!

The steps began when we were dropped off at the bottom of the street leading to the bazaar by our coach. Too big for the narrow cobblestone streets the coach was greeted by a van that transported our luggage up to our hotel and we all set off on foot through the buzz of activity in the streets. Our first destination being the castle at the top of the hill.

Bazaar of Gjirokastra, Albania

Perched high above the city the castle is definitely one place you’ll want to visit if you’re in town, if not for the castle and its museum, then certainly for the views of the city below.

Panorama of Gjirokastra, Albania

View through the castle walls of Gjirokastra, Albania

Originally built in the 12th century, the castle has undergone many changes since then, as it has been added to and changed purposes by the many leaders of Albania during that time. One of my favourite parts of the castle, the clock tower, was added in the 18th century, along with an aqueduct.

Clock Tower in Gjirokastra Castle, Albania
Check out those mountains in the background!

The king with the best name ever, King Zog, converted the castle to a prison in the 1930’s by adding cells that held members of various resistance groups. It remained a prison until 1968 but today it is a historical site with an arms museum devoted to weapons of Albania’s independence. It is also the home of an American fighter plane with several theories of what brought it to its resting place. Was it a pilot that ran out of fuel? Captured? Shot down? Hmmm. All we know is that we were a bit disappointed to find it covered in a tarp when we visited. :-(

American fighter plane on Gjirokastra Castle, Albania

These days the castle is also used as a concert pavilion and we were fortunate enough to be there on a day when there was an event going on. Music drifted down from the castle all day and into the evening along with fireworks to cap off the evening’s festivities.

After our visit to the castle we made our way back down the hill to the centre of town where we had some free time to do a little wandering, grab some lunch, and do a little souvenir shopping.

Historic town centre in Gjirokastra, Albania

From here we wandered further up, up, up the hill to the best preserved district in the old town, Palorta, to the ethnographic museum. Originally the site of the home of Enver Hoxha, the communist dictator from 1944 to 1985, the original house was destroyed in a fire in 1966.

Ethnographic museum in Gjirokastra, Albania

The reconstructed house is a model of the traditional homes with their classic features- white washed walls, a stone roof, and wooden balconies. The museum is four floors that are open to the public with rooms arranged as they would have been used and a helpful, knowledgeable guide to lead you through the rooms and explain everything there is to see.

Ethnographic Museum in Gjirokastra, Albania
{Photos by L}

The rooms are decorated with household items, folk costumes, and cultural artifacts of a typical wealthy family from the 19th century. My favourite parts were each of the rooms, I like how simply they are decorated. And the woodwork through the house, especially this medallion on the ceiling, was absolutely beautiful.

Ethnographic museum in Gjirokastra, Albania
{Photo by L}

But the real icing on the cake from this day? Literally it was the icing on the cake! This day of our trip was both L’s AND the kiddo’s birthday and our guide surprised the kiddo with birthday cake, Albanian style. It was absolutely delicious! Definitely a birthday the kiddo won’t soon forget.

Albanian birthday cake

With full bellies we opted for a cab to take us back up the hill this time (we had already climbed it a few times) to return us to our hotel where we settled in for a game of cards before bed with the concert in the castle playing in the background for us to enjoy.

Up next in our Albanian adventure I’ll share a review of our accommodations in Gjirokastra in one of the Ottoman styled houses. Definitely a place to stay if you’re ever in Gjirokastra.

To read more about our adventures on our tour around Albania, please feel free to check out these posts:

Albania Trip Summary Post

Previous Post: The Blue Eye: A Great Place to Skip Rocks

Next Post: Where to Stay in Gjirokastra: Hotel Kalemi

4 Comments

  • I adore that carved woodwork on the ceiling. How beautiful! We’re in the early planning stages of our first trip to the Balkans (finally!) next spring. I’m not sure we’ll have time this trip to visit Albania, but you bet it’s on the list. I think it might be better during ‘high’ season rather than the total off season!
    Julie recently posted…Historic Roman Baths in Bath, EnglandMy Profile

    • Definitely go in the high season or close to it as there are many things that won’t be open if it’s too far out of season. But that might not last for too long if people get wind of how great it is. :-)

      I’d love to go back and visit more of the Balkan countries. One day. One day. I’ll get ideas from your posts when I read about them next year. :-)

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